Learn Spanish present tense conjugation ~ Learn Spanish language fast | free memory tricks | Spanish vocabulary lessons.
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Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Learn Spanish present tense conjugation


If you're new to learning Spanish, chances are that the conjugation for the present indicative tense is the first conjugation set you'll be learning. Although it isn't the easiest conjugation set, it's the one you'll be using most often.


As is the case with some of the other conjugation forms, the present indicative forms are made by removing the infinitive ending of the verb (-ar, -er or -ir) and replacing it with an ending that indicates who is performing the action of the verb.

To take one example, the infinitive form of the verb that means "to speak" is hablar. Its infinitive ending is -ar, leaving the stem of habl-. To say "I speak," add -o to the stem, forming hablo. To say "you speak" (singular informal), add -as to the stem, forming hablas. Other forms exist for other persons.

The endings are slightly different for verbs that end in -er and -ir, but the principle is the same. Remove the infinitive ending, then add the appropriate ending to the remaining stem.

The following chart shows the conjugations for each of the three infinitive types.

-AR verbs (hablar, besar, etc.)

Singular: -o (yo), -as (), -a (él, ella, usted)

Plural: -amos (nosotros, nosotras), -an (ellos, ellas, ustedes)

-ER and IR verbs (comer, vivir, etc.)

Singular: -o (yo), -es (), -e (él, ella, usted)

Plural: -emos/-imos (nosotros, nosotras) for -ER and -IR respectively, -en (ellos, ellas, ustedes)

Note that the conjugations above are for verbs that follow the regular conjugation. Although most verb conjugate regularly, the most common verbs usually do not (just as in English, where verbs such as "to be" and "to go" are highly irregular).

jz.sinr said...

Hey... the er and ir don have those conjugations.
It's like:
comer:
yo como
tu comes
ud come
nosotros comamos
vosotros comais
uds comen
....
correct me if i'm wrng there..
thnx

Amit Schandillia said...

Hey jz.sinr! That was really an embarrassing blunder that u pointed out! Thanx a ton friend for being so observant! I have corrected it now. Please feel free to point out any such error or room for improvement and I would be glad to incirporate your ideas.

It's readers like you who are my biggest strength in making this blog truly effective. Really grateful amigo!

jz.sinr said...

de nada amigo.
Now about the problem i posted on ur latest entry.. I figured it's "object pronoun" usage.
u got that here: http://easiestspanish.blogspot.com/2007/08/bienvenidos-using-visualization-tricks.html
but i can't figure how to evovle them to use 'se'...
also, the -ir verbs may have separate conjugation too...
I suggest a new topic on those verbs that are conjugated differently since conjugation is the major problem for most beginners ..
.... I must thnk ya fr this blog though... again... it's an amazing compilation and work. the effort's worth commendation..
Hasta Luego

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Hey jz.sinr! That was really an embarrassing

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The endings are slightly different for verbs that end in -er and -ir, but the principle is the same. Remove the infinitive ending, then add the appropriate ending to the remaining stem

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